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Education & Resources

Language and The Human Rights Code

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Fact Sheet


In some workplace situations, you may be protected from language discrimination under The Human Rights Code (Manitoba). Although The Human Rights Code (“The Code”) does not list language as a protected ground, in many cases discrimination based on language can be linked to national origin, ancestry or ethnic background.


The following examples could be considered language discrimination under The Code.

  • Refusing to hire someone or disciplining someone based on not speaking a language well could be discriminatory. It would have to be proven that very good language skills are essential or necessary to do the job.
  • Having a policy stating that “English-only” (or other language) rules must be followed by employees on their breaks is often discriminatory.
  •  “English-only” (or other language) policies applied to employees during all working hours, other than lunch hours, could still be discriminatory. The employer would have to prove that allowing other languages spoken at any time would cause undue hardship to his company or organization.


Language policies or rules are often found reasonable when genuine safety risks are proven by the company or organization. For more information on how the Commission decides if a discriminatory rule is reasonable, you can refer to the Board of Commissioners’ Policy G-4 Employment: Bona fide & reasonable cause.


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