Your Human Rights in Manitoba
Discrimination under The Human Rights Code is treating someone differently, to their disadvantage and without a valid reason or failing to take steps to accommodate special needs that are based on the characteristics covered under The Code. The Human Rights Code (Manitoba) prohibits unreasonable discrimination in areas such as employment, housing, accommodation, the provision of services or contracts, and signs and notices.
The Code prohibits unreasonable discrimination on the following grounds, called "protected characteristics."
- Nationality or national origin
- Ethnic background or origin
- Religion or creed, or religious belief, religious association or religious activity
- Sex, including sex-determined characteristics, such as pregnancy
- Gender identity
- Sexual orientation
- Marital or family status
- Source of income
- Political belief, political association or political activity
- Physical or mental disability
- Social disadvantage
In addition to these listed characteristics, The Code prohibits discrimination that is based on other group sterotypes, rather than on individual merit.
Members of other historically disadvantaged groups, not listed in this section of The Code may also be protected.
In determining whether discrimination has occurred, it is the effect, not the intention that counts.
Anyone (person, group or organization) can file a complaint if you believe that you have been unreasonably discriminated against in the areas of employment, housing, services, or signs and statements on the basis of the protected grounds listed above.
Most employers, landlords or service providers that are located in Manitoba are regulated by provincial law and so are bound by Manitoba’s Human Rights Code. Some private businesses, such as airlines, banks, and telecommunication enterprises, as well as the federal civil service and many First Nations governments and organizations, however, are regulated by federal law. Complaints against them must, therefore, be filed with the Canadian Human Rights Commission under federal human rights law.
The Human Rights Code is a special law that overrides other provincial laws. Other laws cannot allow you to do something that does not respect The Human Rights Code.